What Causes Infertility?

Patient Education


Definition: The International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies, ICMART, defines infertility as “a disease characterized by the failure to establish a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse, or due to an impairment of a person’s capacity to reproduce either as an individual or with her/his partner.”

Infertility is much more common than you think:

Source: National Fertility Association RESOLVE

What are common causes of infertility in men? 

Structural Abnormalities

  • Congenital disorders
  • Localized Physical Trauma

Sperm Production Disorders

Ejaculatory Disorders

Immunologic Disorders

  • Endocrine disorders
  • Antisperm antibodies

What are common causes of infertility in women?

Ovarian Function (ovaries)

Tubal Patency (Fallopian tubes)

     Risk factors for blocked fallopian tubes:

  • History of pelvic infection
  • History of ruptured appendicitis
  • History of gonorrhea or chlamydia
  • Known endometriosis
  • History of abdominal surgery

Uterine Factors

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